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fired rockets at jerusalem today, and the israeli military called up reservists and massed tanks on the gaza border. good evening. i'm judy woodruff. >> brown: and i'm jeffrey brown. on the newshour tonight, we have an on-the-ground report from gaza city, followed by two views of the widening conflict on the third day of hostilities. >> woodruff: then, an update on the syrian war. margaret warner spent the day inside rebel-held territory. >> brown: we get a "battleground dispatch" from megan verlee of colorado public radio. voters in that state approved a ballot initiative allowing anyone over 21 to buy marijuana. >> politicses, businesspeople and law enforcement are wondering what comes next. har >> woodruff: hari sreenivasan talks to andrew kohut about the pew center's post-election report card, with the candidates, the campaigns, and the news media getting low marks. >> brown: david brooks and ruth marcus analyze the week's news. >> woodruff: and how much did the presidential candidates
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spend on social media? ray suarez has some answers on the daily download. >> take a look at this, the obama campaign spent $47 million on digital sending. and the romney campaign spent 4 my 7 million. a 10 to 1 gap. >> woodruff: that's all ahead on tonight's newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> computing surrounds us. sometimes, it's obvious, and sometimes, it's very surprising in where you find it. soon, computing intelligence in unexpected places will change our lives in truly profound ways. technology can provide customized experiences tailored to individual consumer preferences, igniting a world of possibilities from the inside out. sponsoring tomorrow starts today.
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>> bnsf railway support also comes from carnegie corporation of new york, a foundation created to do what andrew carnegie called "real and permanent good." celebrating 100 years of philanthropy at >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and foundations. and friends of the newshour. >> and... this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> brown: there was no let-up today in the battle between israel and hamas, the palestinian group that rules gaza. air strikes echoed across gaza, and rockets landed near tel aviv and, for the first time, near jerusalem. the combined death toll reached 30-- 27 palestinians and three
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israelis. we begin with a report from john ray of independent television news in gaza. >> reporter: a sleepless night in gaza gave way to another morning of missiles. israel promised a lull in their assault, a chance for words to speak louder than bombs. but on neither side was there a cease-fire. and if the egyptian prime minster came armed with a peace plan, he kept it to himself. this was far more a display of muslim brotherhood with hamas. hesham qandeel called gaza a tragedy, and israel the aggressor. the tragedy is deeply personal, and it unfolds at the gaza city hospital where they rush the dead and the injured.
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boys like yea, just ten years old. "i was buying bread for my mother," he says, "when the rocket came." dooah, a girl of 14, was hit my shrapnel on her way to a wedding. "all i remember is the flash of red light," she tells me. israel insists it is striking targets that are carefully selected. this was the ministry of the interior, obliterated. israel is reducing the symbols of hamas rule to so much twisted metal and smoldering rubble, but they have not yet stopped the rockets. and while the missiles continue to fly, any chance of a cease- fire that sticks seems slim. nor is there a monopoly on suffering. more palestinian rockets hit home today, while sirens sounded in tel aviv and jerusalem, extending what israel calls a
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reign of terror far beyond the gaza border. >> there is one basic difference between us and our enemies-- they deliberately target civilians and deliberately hide behind civilians. and we do everything in our power to minimize civilian casualties while we exercise our legitimate right to self defense. >> reporter: israel's called up 16,000 reserve troops. the border looks like the marshalling point for an invasion. at some time, the order must come to pull back or advance. >> woodruff: the fighting triggered protests throughout the muslim world today after friday prayers came to an end. in egypt, crowds in cairo and alexandria waved palestinian flags and chanted anti-israeli slogans. thousands of people also turned out in yemen to denounce the israeli offensive. and in turkey, a one-time israeli ally, people in istanbul called for the death of the jewish state.
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>> brown: and for more on the conflict, we are joined by hisham melham, washington bureau chief for al- arabiya; and dan schueftan is director of national security studies center at the university of haifa. gentlemen, one thing i think a lot of people, myself included are wondering how did this flare-up seemingly so quickly. dan schueftan. >> well, since hamas took over we had for a while a thousand rockets per year, then came israeli escalation and-- and it went down to a small number of rockets every year, last year again we came to about a thousand rockets against israel. and this intensified in recent weeks to the point where israel had to take action. israel was saying for about two weeks, i mean people here were dealing with the elections and other things. but it was saying it must lead to a point where either it stops or we will have to
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take action. when it didn't stop israel took action. >> brown: what do you think happened to build telephone up? >> we have never seen quiet on the border even from 2008 until now. and a few days leading to the israeli decision to take on, assassinate a major military leader of hamas there were skirmishes and casualties on both sides. so this is really not a total surprise. but what happened, this confrontation is taking place against a changing internal regional dynamic. this is the first-- . >> brown: you mean the much larger picture. >> absolutely. the much larger picture is that this is the first serious confrontation after the changes in egypt and the changes within the hamas leadership. the growing empowerment of hamas-- in gaza at the expense of the marginalized palestinian authority in ramallah. and you have the amir 6 qatar visiting hamas in
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gaza. you have the egyptian prime minister visiting today. >> brown: the kind of thing we would never have seen and we did never see. >> absolutely. now hamas is getting direct financial support from qatar, political support from turkey and egypt. on the israeli side you have upcoming election, the israeli prime minister saying essentially our deterance should be-- we should remind the palestinians once again or hamas of our deterences, we have a longhand and that is why the decision came-- . >> brown: when you think about the can el-- cancel says on both sides, in israel the international reproach came quickly and will come even more. >> no, at the moment there is very wide support for the israeli operation. i mean the president of the united states went as far as saying that hamas must stop its fire first. there is an understanding in europe. of course the usual suspects-- . >> brown: i meant in the region, i'm sorry, you are right. >> the region is hostile to israel and is becoming more hostile to israel and that's
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exactly the point that hamas was banking on. the assumption that the new regime in egypt also muslim brothers and hamas is also, the palestinian muslim brothers so they assume that israel will be afraid of clashing with egypt and therefore israel will not respond even when a million israelies have to sit in shelters because their cities are being bombarded by rockets before the israeli action. i'm not speaking after. for months and months you have had a million israelis under threat in israeli city its, and there was pressure inside israel from the population saying hey, you know, this is impossible. more than a million israelis can't suffer for so long. so the government was told by the israeli population that it must do it. and in spite of the fact that the youth would be suspected of doing it because of the elections, and the palestinians believed that because of the elections is legal-- israel would not do t the government had to do it. >> brown: when you think about the potential for escalation, though, can either side win this? i mean what are they after?
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>> the grim reality of this conflict, particularly in hamas and israel is that both sides, even when they bloody each other and end up with many body bags and casualties, mostly civilian palestinians, both of them in a crazy surreal way will claim victory. this is to the going to change the political reality. even if the israelis invade gaza as they did in 2008 when they inflicted-- killed 1300 palestinians, mostly civilian, there was no political solution. today the only thing that is still changing as i said, there is a regional strategic dynamics that are changing and domestic dynamics especially palestinians are changing, the american position is still the same and the americans say we cannot talk to hamas and therefore we're not doing anything except giving the israelies it tacit approval and support. at the end of the day this administration will need egypt, will need turkey, will need someone to talk to hamas. otherwise the israel
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>> this is n.b.r. >> tom: i'm tom hudson. top democrats and republicans express optimism on avoiding the fiscal cliff after meeting at e

PBS News Hour
PBS November 16, 2012 6:00pm-7:00pm PST

News/Business. Gwen Ifill, Judy Woodruff, Jeffrey Brown. (2012) (CC) (Stereo)

TOPIC FREQUENCY Israel 19, Egypt 4, Hamas 3, Jerusalem 3, Us 2, Brown 2, Dan Schueftan 2, The Obama 1, Bnsf 1, Qatar Visiting Hamas 1, Hisham Melham 1, Pbs Newshour 1, Megan Verlee 1, Ruth Marcus 1, John Ray 1, Ray Suarez 1, David Brooks 1, Jeffrey Brown 1, Kohut 1, Amir 1
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